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Chest Surgery

There are many techniques for transgender chest surgery. These procedures are usually reductive procedures for female to male (FtM) chest surgery and constructive for male to female (MtF) chest surgery.

Chest Surgery

Chest Surgery Process


Female to Male Chest Surgery

Female to male transgender patients need reductive surgery to create a male chest. The surgery depends on the size of the breasts, the amount of skin and the size and position of the nipples. For smaller breasts, sometimes a minimally invasive approach can be used. This technique uses a peri-areolar incision and liposuction to remove the breast tissue behind the nipple and to give a more masculine, flatter appearance to the chest.

For patients with larger breasts, the technique involves a completion mastectomy. The completion mastectomy involves a larger incision at the inframammary fold: the junction between the pectoralis muscle and abdomen. The nipples are usually reduced and made into a more elliptical pattern. They are then repositioned more superiorly (higher on the chest wall) and laterally (toward the arms) to give the appearance of a more masculine nipple shape and position. Liposuction can be combined to provide optimal chest contour.

The third technique is the keyhole pattern. This technique is rarely ever used due to the amount of scarring and lack of contour achieved in the chest.

Our surgeons make every effort to minimize the size and appearance of the scars to give the most aesthetically pleasing final result. There are many options to assist in the final appearance of the scars including scar gels, scar creams, silicone sheeting, and laser treatments.

Our surgeons do everything possible during the primary surgery to avoid the need for a revision, however, sometimes revisions are needed to improve contour, scarring or nipple distortion.


Male to Female Chest Surgery

Male to female chest surgery typically requires constructive techniques. These techniques include the use of breast implants, local flaps, or fat grafting.

The most common technique typically involves placement of breast implants. The size and shape of the chest determine what type of implant is used in the augmentation. Ancillary techniques involve changing the nipple size or position depending on the desired result. The most common implant used is a silicone breast implant because it tends to give the patient a more natural look and feel. Saline implants can also be used, however risks of rippling and deflation are higher.

During the initial consultation with the surgeon, we will discuss the details of the procedure which include the approach, surgical technique and type of implant.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact the Transgender Surgery Institute Of Southern California.

To learn more about the Transgender Surgery Institute® simply fill out the form to the right and a Patient Advocate will contact you shortly.




Our goal is to make your transition as comfortable and easy as possible. Dr. Youssef and his team, including the office and hospital staff, are committed to serving you during this exciting but anxious stage of your life. Those who access this web site should consult their Physician before following any of the suggestions or making any conclusions from the web site.

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